5 Steps to a successful implementation of ICT Projects – Lalit Bogra

5 Steps to a successful implementation of ICT Projects
Lalit Bogra

Technology for International Development

5 Steps to a successful implementation of ICT Projects

A Project is something which has a beginning and an end. A Project is one time unique endeavor by people to do something that has not been done that way before Users aren’t always available to provide feedback during development or sometime it’s inappropriate to ask for the feedback or for users to provide their thought when most of the development part is already done. How many times project manager had to incorporate users wish list and had to extend deadlines or budget to include feature to accommodate previously unmentioned functionality. So it’s the project manager’s responsibility to clearly define and follow the stages of a project and effective communication with users to participate and brainstorming discussion on development When a project is successfully managed, there are many benefits to be gained, from large cost and time savings to keeping the stress levels of your team low. Project management is the discipline of planning, organizing, securing and managing resources to bring about the successful completion of specific task project to meet specific goals and objectives. Often one of the busiest members of our team, our project managers ensure all projects run smoothly and get delivered on time, within budget and, importantly, are as stress free as possible. After working on some of projects especially on web based application where I realized it could take long time even back on the starting stage if suddenly stakeholder came up with new idea when developer has done more than half of development part. Here the frustration starts to change something which actually had to put on during start of the project. Here are some process to successful project management. Of course there’s a lot more to it than just 5 points, but these should provide a good overview of the benefits good project management can provide.





1. Project Initiation (Needs Assessment) The first step is making sure that you have written down all needs related to project and communicated clearly to users, project team and the stake holder like

  • Needs of final users
  • Technical constraints
  • Financial constraints
  • Human resources
  • Technical support
  • Training
  • Standardization
  • Sustainability
  • Specific constraints

Any changes that are needed can prove costly and time consuming, especially as the project progresses. So, if all requirements and expectations are fully understood before any work commences, the project will get off on the right foot and the chance of problems developing down the line will be reduced. 

2. Planning To ensure all work is completed on time and within budget, it’s important to have a clear plan of action, detailing who’s responsible for what, what work is required, when work needs to be delivered, plus any other useful information the project team may need. It’s much easier for people to get on with their work, when they have a clear idea of what’s expected of them. 

3. ExecutionWhen you are ready to execute clear communication is important for any job, but especially so for project management. Effective communication results in every team member knowing their role and what’s expected of them – helping reduce tension and stress levels. Additionally, it’s important to communicate effectively with clients, keeping them in the loop with project progress and communicating their correspondence with relevant team members. 

4. Monitoring and controlling No matter how well a project is managed, how clear the brief was or simple the project, there’s always the possibility of change. The project manager’s role is, at the beginning of the project, to anticipate any problems or potential areas for change and create plans to deal with them. During the project, their role is to use the skills and techniques mentioned in the previous four points to manage the change effectively. 

5. Controlling and EvaluationUpon project completion, it’s important for the project manager to review performance against the initial aims of the project. What went well? What were the problem areas of the project? Was the project delivered on time and in budget? If not, what were the sticking points? Through this analyse important insights can be gained into how the process can be improved for the next project.

Shell dragged into Nigeria oil corruption probe!


30 March 2016, Lagos – Oil giant Shell has been dragged into a corruption probe linked to a major offshore deal in Nigeria, the company confirmed on Wednesday.

ShellFollowing revelations in the Italian media, the Anglo-Dutch group said that its offices had been “visited” by anti-fraud investigators.

“We can confirm that representatives of the Dutch Financial Intelligence and Investigation Service (FIOD) and the Dutch Public Prosecutor recently visited Shell at its headquarters in The Hague,” a spokesman said.

“The visit was related to OPL 245, an offshore block in Nigeria that was the subject of a series of long-standing disputes with the Federal Government of Nigeria. Shell is cooperating with the authorities and is looking into the allegations, which it takes seriously.”

Italian daily Corriere della Sera reported earlier that the Dutch investigators were working in collaboration with Italian prosecutors looking into Shell and Italian energy group ENI’s 2011 acquisition of joint exploitation rights to OPL245, which is estimated to contain up to nine billion barrels of crude.

Prosecutors in Milan have been investigating ENI executives involved in the deal since 2014.

Under the licensing accord, ENI made a payment to the Nigerian government of $1.09 billion to secure joint ownership while Shell, which already owned a 40-percent stake, handed over $200 million.

Most of this money was subsequently passed on to Malabu Oil and Gas, a company believed to be controlled by Chief Dan Etete, a former Nigerian Oil Minister.

In an episode that has come to be regarded as emblematic of Nigeria’s problems with corruption, Etete had awarded the rights to the block to Malabu in 1998, at a time when he was close to Nigeria’s then-military dictator General Sani Abacha.

The probe into ENI was triggered after an intermediary in the deal, Emeka Obi, sued Malabu in Britain’s High Court and won an order that the company pay him $110 million in unpaid fees.

ENI has always maintained that its actions in Nigeria have been beyond reproach and that all the money it had paid in Nigeria had gone directly to the government. Shell also insisted it had not been involved in any wrongdoing.

“Shell attaches the greatest importance to business integrity,” a spokesman said.

“It’s one of our core values and is a central tenet of the principles that govern the way we do business. All employees are expected to uphold these principles and failure to do so will result in consequences up to and including dismissal.”


KILL YOUR MARRIAGE …IF IT’S YOUR CHOICE! The fastest…quickest…ways, paths, routes, methods…TO KILL YOUR MARRIAGE… Daily Doses…

handshake-respect (1)2

KILL YOUR MARRIAGE …IF IT’S YOUR CHOICE! The fastest…quickest…ways, paths, routes, methods…TO KILL YOUR MARRIAGE…

Daily Doses…


Ladies, men want to be respected. Period.

The interjection of “But” brings nothing but misery in marriage.

Trust me, and I do not use this word anyhow, do your home work, and ask questions if you possibly must. Wives that can frankly and honestly profess to friends and relatives of having a happy home, what gets them the attention and thus the much cherished matrimonial happiness is partly the much respect they have and dole on their husbands. Forget, or at best shelve all those other ancillaries of happy matrimony.

They will be very honest enough to tell you how well and unreservedly too, they respect their husbands, and this in view of the frailties and imperfections of even such husbands.

I am aware of the fact that we talk of food. Yes, food. Please forget about that believe. I have come across wives who cannot even light a cooker. They rely on deliveries from external food vendors and contractors. Men will have food a million times more delicious from elsewhere.

The fact is men cherish respect. Men loves being respected.

Men, Husbands that is, just want to be respected, and this in view of their imperfections. Tough ? I think so too, thats the way it is.

I long discover, the respect a wife doles on on her husband is like a seed sowing exercise. Such husband will go extra length in protecting his wife. Now there are some other factors of course but a deep respect for a husband goes a very long and unimaginable way. A wife empowered with an uncommon wisdom of respecting her husband is a winner anyway, anywhere, anytime, and anyday.

I have witnessed husbands being driven to the warm embrace of girlfriends, or another lady / woman for comfort. While such dalliance might be virtual, and at best unacceptable, its forever a statement action and I have equally noticed one of the reasons mostly attributed for straying is lack of respect at home. Then like it or loath it!

While there is never going to be a tenable or acceptable reason for finding such comfort outside of the matrimony, we cannot pretend it’s not happening. it has even been institutionalised somehow now.

There is never going to be a perfect marriage, and I have said this on a number of platforms, what we see outside of most marriages is not what really the situation is behind the closed doors at home. Who is that wife that feels happy and comfortable imagining her husband is elsewhere in the arms of another woman? Mind torture at best. But then, what has been your contribution to the script is the question.

If a straying husband finds comfort elsewhere in whatever form or version, something is definitively missing at home.


‘…esteem for or a sense of the worth or excellence of a person, a personal quality or ability, or something considered as a manifestation of a personal quality or ability: I have great respect for her judgment’.

Simple Definition of respect. : a feeling of admiring someone or something that is good, valuable, important, etc. : a feeling or understanding that someone or something is important, serious, etc., and should be treated in an appropriate way. : a particular way of thinking about or looking at something.

If you want to have a passionate, long-term and successful relationship, then you have to start with a baseline of mutual respect. You have to make sure that you see you and your partner as a team and that you’re considerate, honest, and compassionate as much as possible. However, nobody’s perfect, and you have to be prepared to apologize sincerely when you have made a mistake. If both you and your partner are willing to put in the effort you can have a fulfilling and respectful relationship.


A popular Nigerian Politician celebrated his 64th birthday yesterday. A photographer captured the wife of the Vice President on her knees paying homage to the Celebrant. There have been various reactions on various Social Media platforms, and most of which bothers on why the kneeling down.

Apart from the fact that there is a generation that were lucky enough to have been brought up culturally, and to respect elders by their parents, the wife of the Vice President knows her husband would perhaps not be in that esteem position today if not by the Grace of God through that Celebrant.


Recently, there was the wife of a Nigerian State Governor obtaining her Doctoral Degree, PhD. She was on her knees to thank and appreciate her husband for being there for her.

Some people found that gesture of hers funny.

But then its your choice to have a happy marriage, or otherwise. I will unreservedly counsel as well as advice any lady desirous of having a beautiful, joyful, happy, satisfying, and wonderfully relationship-oriented marriage to understand the art and act of Respect for her Husband. Perhaps, the only ingredient lacking in that unhappy matrimony of yours is the topic in question. Search your heart, after all its almost unlikely you will be dishonest to yourself.

Single, and intending to go into marriage, you might as well decide whether the institution is for you or otherwise on reading this piece. Marriage isn’t Wedding!


What does “agriculture” mean today? Assessing old questions with new evidence. – John W. McArthur, Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institution


What does “agriculture” mean today? Assessing old questions with new evidence.


John W. McArthur

Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institution



One of global society’s foremost structural changes underway is its rapid aggregate shift from farm-based to city-based economies. More than half of humanity now lives in urban areas, and more than two-thirds of the world’s economies have a majority of their population living in urban settings.1 Much of the gradual movement from rural to urban areas is driven by long-term forces of economic progress. But one corresponding downside is that city-based societies become increasingly disconnected—certainly physically, and likely psychologically—from the practicalities of rural livelihoods, especially agriculture, the crucial economic sector that provides food to fuel humanity.

The nature of agriculture is especially important when considering the tantalizingly imminent prospect of eliminating extreme poverty within a generation. The majority of the world’s extremely poor people still live in rural areas, where farming is likely to play a central role in boosting average incomes. Agriculture is similarly important when considering environmental challenges like protecting biodiversity and tackling climate change. For example, agriculture and shifts in land use are responsible for roughly a quarter of greenhouse gas emissions.

As a single word, the concept of “agriculture” encompasses a remarkably diverse set of circumstances. It can be defined very simply, as at dictionary.com, as “the science or occupation of cultivating land and rearing crops and livestock.” But underneath that definition lies a vast array of landscape ecologies and climates in which different types of plant and animal species can grow. Focusing solely on crop species, each plant grows within a particular set of respective conditions. Some plants provide food—such as grains, fruits, or vegetables—that people or livestock can consume directly for metabolic energy. Other plants provide stimulants or medication that humans consume—such as coffee or Artemisia—but have no caloric value. Still others provide physical materials—like cotton or rubber—that provide valuable inputs to physical manufacturing.

One of the primary reasons why agriculture’s diversity is so important to understand is that it defines the possibilities, and limits, for the diffusion of relevant technologies. Some crops, like wheat, grow only in temperate areas, so relevant advances in breeding or plant productivity might be relatively easy to diffuse across similar agro-ecological environments but will not naturally transfer to tropical environments, where most of the world’s poor reside. Conversely, for example, rice originates in lowland tropical areas and it has historically been relatively easy to adopt farming technologies from one rice-growing region to another. But, again, its diffusion is limited by geography and climate. Meanwhile maize can grow in both temperate and tropical areas, but its unique germinating properties render it difficult to transfer seed technologies across geographies.


Click to access 31516global-viewsweb.pdf

Where does the world’s food grow? – John McArthur and Krista Rasmussen

Where does the world’s food grow?

John McArthur and Krista Rasmussen |

Reuters/Amit Dave - A farmer channels water to irrigate his wheat field on the outskirts of Ahmedabad, India, December 15, 2015.

Developing countries are home to roughly 80 percent of the world’s population, 98 percent of humanity’s hungry people, and 78 percent of harvested croplands. Their farming systems have an essential role to play in addressing global food needs, ending extreme poverty, tackling climate change, protecting biodiversity, safeguarding water systems, and many other crucial challenges. But agriculture itself is a complex and vibrant sector, characterized by huge diversity. Therefore analysts and practitioners working on these big picture global issues can all benefit from a basic understanding of what the global distribution of crops actually looks like.

To that end, we recently worked together on a paper, “What does ‘agriculture’ mean today? Assessing old questions with new evidence,” which provides a simple overview of crop types around the developing world. The analysis draws from Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) data for crops harvested across 140 low- and middle-income countries. Full data tables are also available for download here



Portrait: John McArthur

John W. McArthur is a senior fellow in the Global Economy and Development program at the Brookings Institution. He is also a senior fellow with the UN Foundation.

Politics – Nigeria: Details on How $2.1bn Arms Deal Fund Was Disbursed Released

A former Director of Funds in the Office of the Accountant-General of the Federation, Mohammed Dikwa, has given an insights to the disbursement of the…


A former Director of Funds in the Office of the Accountant-General of the Federation, Mohammed Dikwa, has given an insights to the disbursement of the controversial $2.1billion and other funds to ONSA under Dasuki.

Dikwa gave the details in a statement made to the EFCC on the ongoing investigation of the $2.1billion arms procurement cash and the trial of some suspects.

Speaking to the EFCC, he said the funds were released to ONSA, led by Dasuki, based on either presidential or ministerial orders.

“I am the Director of Funds from April 2013 to date. All releases were made based on approvals by relevant authorities.

“Releases of funds are normally initiated by relevant MDAs and go through presidential approval or ministerial approval or budgetary provisions, depending upon the nature of the requests.

“Having obtained the necessary approvals, the OAGF will process the approval by drawing a mandate instrument and send to the Central Bank of Nigeria(CBN).

“The CBN will then pay the amount involved to the relevant agency. The agency will now spend the funds in line with the established Financial Rules and Regulations.

“The Office of the Auditor-General of the Federation and other relevant agencies will also conduct post-mortem examination of the books of accounts of such MDAs as to the appropriateness or otherwise of such transactions.

“All releases in favour of the National Security Adviser were based on approvals by the appropriate authorities.

The following releases were made under the former Accountant-General of the Federation( Mr. J.O. Otunla) : $250,000,000 on 16/2/2015; $5,500,000 on 20/3/2015; $10,000,000 on 9/4/2015; $10m on 29/4/2015; $1,200, 000,000 in November 2013; $5.5m on 13/12/2013; $120m(15/11/2013)

The Nation

Source: Politics – Nigeria: Details on How $2.1bn Arms Deal Fund Was Disbursed Released

A MANIFESTO FOR ALL LONDONERS – Sadiq Khan[Labour Party Mayoral Candidate]

A Manifesto for all Londoners



London is the greatest city in the world. But we are at a crossroads.

Our city gave me the opportunity to go from the council estate where I grew up helping to run a business, serving as Transport Minister and now running for Mayor. I had the benefit of a good state school, a place at university that I could afford, and ultimately, good jobs for my wife and me that enabled us to buy a family home.

But today, Londoners are being priced out of our city. The next generation is missing out on the opportunities that our city gave me when I was growing up.

For a child on a council estate today, London is not the city of opportunity that it was for my brothers, my sister and me.

Sadiq Khan

For young families and individuals on average incomes, housing is increasingly unaffordable – with home ownership a distant dream. Social mobility is failing. In-work poverty is rising. Rocketing transport fares are making it more expensive to get to work or training.

London’s status as one of the world’s leading commercial and cultural capitals, and the prosperity that it brings, is not assured.

We are in competition, not just with New York, Paris, LA and Tokyo, but with rising powerhouse city economies such as Beijing, Shanghai, Sao Paulo, Mumbai, Mexico City and Moscow.

We cannot afford to price ordinary, working Londoners out of our city. If we shut down opportunity, London will become closed to the young, to the entrepreneurs, and to the hard-working people who make our economy and communities tick.

My mission is to restore opportunity, and in doing so to protect and advance London’s competitiveness and its status as a world-leading city for business, creativity, and fairness.

My first priority will be tackling the housing crisis. We need to build more homes, including more genuinely affordable homes for Londoners, and fewer gold bricks for overseas investors.

And I’ll be the most pro-business Mayor yet. Not just because I’ve helped to run a business, and understand the challenges that those trying to grow an enterprise face, but because I know that a prosperous, growing economy is central to ensuring that our city
remains a place of opportunity. I’ll work with businesses to ensure that more Londoners have access to the skills they and our economy need, and I’ll stand alongside business leaders in campaigning for Britain to stay in the EU.

I’ll also be the greenest Mayor ever, seeking to establish London as a leader in low-carbon innovation and industry, cleaning up our dangerously polluted air, and setting out an ambitious longterm plan for clean energy in our capital.

I’ll make sure that our transport services meet the needs of a modern economy, while remaining affordable.

And I will make London safer and more secure, with a renewed focus on neighbourhood policing, action to tackle the spread of extremism, and fighting for the resources our police and fire services need. In doing so, I will keep the GLA council tax precept down as far as possible.

With money so tight for so many Londoners, I supported the decision to cut council tax following the end of the Olympic precept. My promise is to keep council tax as low as possible without risking Londoners’ safety.

I’ve got the experience, values and vision to put London back on the right track.
I’ll be a Mayor for all Londoners.


Sadiq Khan 


These are my 10 priorities for London

  • Tackle the housing crisis, building thousands more homes for Londoners each year, setting an ambitious target of 50 per cent of new homes being genuinely affordable, and getting a better deal for renters.
  • Freeze London transport fares for four years and introduce a one-hour bus ‘Hopper’ ticket, paid for by making TfL more efficient and exploring new revenue-raising opportunities. Londoners won’t pay a penny more for their travel in 2020 than they do today.
  • Make London safer, with action to restore neighbourhood policing, tackle gangs and knife crime, a plan to tackle the spread of extremism, and a review of the resourcing of our fire service.
  • Be the most pro-business Mayor yet, working in partnership with industry to deliver on skills, infrastructure, and growth.
  • Restore London’s air quality to legal and safe levels, with action to make travel greener and pedestrianise Oxford Street, while protecting the green belt.
  • Set up ‘Skills for Londoners’ to ensure all Londoners have the opportunity to train in the skills that our economy needs.
  • Tackle low pay, working with employers to make London a Living Wage City.
  • Challenge gender inequality, working to close the gender pay gap and support women to break the glass ceiling while helping to remove the barriers to women’s success.
  • Make cycling and walking safer, with more segregated cycle routes, action on dangerous junctions, and safer lorries.
  • Make London a fairer and more tolerant city, open and accessible to all, and one in which all can live and prosper free from prejudice.


Oluwafemi Ashiwaju's photo.

Dear GTB, Standard Chartered, Etisalat and forward thinking corporate bodies….This is a lovely face for a multi – million Naira contract deal…

UNILAG 5.0 CGPA Record Holder: “I Sold Computer Accessories and Tutored to Foot My Bills…”

His name is “Dada Daniel Ayodele”, He studied Psychology in Unilag…..

We need more of him especially in a generation where the kids only keep with the Kardashians and follow Kanye West and Lil Wayne every where on twitter… They need to know that Excelling in Education is not old fashioned and it is much more rewarding on the long run….


pmb resumes 1


How I wish someone can just think out of the usual…
I mean out of the box. Yes, I mean someone can just come up with an unusual that is marginal, and be formidable and strong and determined enough to proclaim…
‘Getting Back To The Basics To Get this Country Moving’
….on the drawing board to have a re-establishment and re-alighment of just about everything …
Frankly, this Nigeria isn’t moving, and I wish I can say it any better.
Why do we always have reasons for why it can’t be done / why its yet to be done ?
Why do we endlessly, and ceaselessly non-stopping having reasons for non-provisioning of solutions to issues and problems that are fundamental to make life easy / easier for an average Nigerian?
In terms of “a land flowing with milk and honey”, Nigeria is blessed with Crude Oil, Yet its forever a case of Fuel Shortage…
There has NEVER been a regular, uninterrupted supply of power and electricity…Its GenSets and so much of this everywhere, and without anyone researching into the effects of fumes and pollution as a result…
The education system is endlessly in shambles…with an typical made in Nigeria graduate unable to string together a simple grammatical english sentence without bullets…
No one knows what the Health Minister / Sector has on the plate of his agenda….
The roads are sure death traps…
Bottled drinking water at best are carriers of Typhoid …
I am yet to come across a White Man with two heads. How come about the Biblical phrase that says …whatever they purpose to do, they achieve…?
Its like for them, nothing is impossible . They encounter a problem, they find a solution… Why not same with us ?
Just a random thinking that is bothering my mind this early morning…but if you ask me again, this is not what a working country should be.