The 81 Campaign Promises Of President Buhari BY Akinshilo Ayomide

Know The 81 Campaign Promises Of President Buhari
Akinshilo Ayomide, 8 minutes ago
Barely a month after President Muhammadu Buhari became Nigeria’s President, many Nigerians are already reminding him of his campaign promises.

It would be recalled that the former Head of State was sworn in as Nigeria’s President on May 29, 2015, after he defeated former president Goodluck Jonathan.

Know The 81 Campaign Promises Of President Buhari
Goodluck Jonathan and Muhammadu Buhari
In this regards, a famous social commentator, Ike Chidolue, on Saturday, went on his Facebook account to post 81 campaign promises made by Buhari.

Below are the campaign promises as posted by Chidolue:

1. Public declaration of assets and liabilities

2. State and community policing

3. Ban on all government officials from seeking medical care abroad

4. Implementation of the National Gender Policy, including 35% of appointive positions for women

5. Revival of Ajaokuta steel company

6. Generation, transmission and distribution of at least 20,000 MW of electricity within four years and increasing to 50,000 MW with a view to achieving 24/7 uninterrupted power supply within 10 years.

7. Empowerment scheme to employ 740,000 graduates across the 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory.

8. Establishment of a free-tuition and scholarship scheme for pupils who have shown exceptional aptitude in science subjects at O/Levels to study ICT-related courses.

9. 720,000 jobs by the 36 states in the federation per annum (20,000 per state).

10. Three million Jobs per year

11. To embark on vocational training, entrepreneurial and skills acquisition schemes for graduates along with the creation of a Small Business Loan Guarantee Scheme to create at least 5 million new jobs by 2019.

12. Churches and Mosques would not pay taxes under national laws, but if they engage in businesses, the businesses would pay tax.

13. Provision of allowances to the discharged but unemployed Youth Corps members for Twelve (12) months while in the skills and entrepreneurial development programme

14. Making the economy one of the fastest-growing emerging economies in the world with a real GDP growth averaging 10% annually.

15. Creation of a Social Welfare Programme of at least Five Thousand Naira (N5000) that will cater for the 25 million poorest and most vulnerable citizens upon the demonstration of children’s enrollment in school and evidence of immunisation to help promote family stability

16. Recruitment and training of at least 100,000 officers into the Nigerian police force and establish a Federal Anti-terrorism Agency.

17. One free meal (to include fruits) daily, for public primary school pupils

18. Building an airport in Ekiti State

19. Eradication of state of origin, replacing that with state of residence to ensure Nigerians are Nigerians first before anything else.

20. Establishment of Crime Squad to combat terrorism, kidnapping, armed robbery, militants, ethno-religious and communal clashes nationwide

21. Working with the National Assembly towards the immediate enactment of a Whistle Blower Act

22. Economic stability for the ECOWAS nations and maintaining a strong, close and frank relationship with West Africa, South Africa, UK, USA, Canada, and other African countries

23. Establishing a conflict resolution commission to help prevent, mitigate and resolve civil conflicts within the polity.

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24. All political office holders earn only the salaries and emoluments determined and approved by the Revenue Mobilisation and Fiscal Commission RMFAC.

25. Permanent peace in the Niger Delta and other conflict prone areas such as Plateau, Taraba, Bauchi, Borno and Abia.

26. No plans to Islamise Nigeria.

27. Nationwide sanitation plans to keep Nigeria clean

28. Preserving the independence of the Central Bank

29. Simplifying immigration process to foster faster visa processing at points of entry.

30. Special incentives to facilitate the education of the girl child

31. Full implementation of the National Identification Scheme to generate the relevant data.

32. Making Information Technology, Manufacturing, Agriculture and Entertainment key drivers of our economy

33. Balancing the economy across regions by the creation of six new Regional Economic Development Agencies (REDAs) to act as champions of sub-regional competitiveness

34. Putting in place a N300bn regional growth fund (average of N50bn in each geo-political region) to be managed by the REDAs.

35. Amending the Constitution and the Land Use Act to create freehold/leasehold interests in land along with matching grants for states to create a nationwide electronic land title register on a state by state basis.

36. Reviving and reactivating the minimally performing Refineries to optimum capacity.

37. Creating additional middle-class of at least two million new home owners in the first year in government and one million annually thereafter.

38. Creating an additional middle class of at least four million new home owners by 2019 by enacting national mortgage single digit interest rates for purchase of owner occupier houses as well as reviewing the collateral qualification to make funding for home ownership easier, with 15 to 30 year mortgage terms.

39. Enacting a national mortgage system that will lend at single digit interest rates for purchase of owner occupier houses.

40. Injecting extra N30bn into the Agricultural sector to create more agro-allied jobs by way of loans at nominal interest rates for capital investment on medium and commercial scale cash crops.

41. You farm, government buys, guaranteeing a minimum price for selected crops and facilitate storage of agricultural products as and when necessary.

42. Creating a national infrastructural development bank to provide loans at nominal interest rates exclusively for this sector.

43. Construction of 3,000km of Superhighway including service trunks.

44. Building of up to 4,800km of modern railway lines – one third to be completed by 2019.

45. At least one functioning airport is available in each of the 36 states.

46. Ending gas flaring and ensuring sales of at least half of gas produce, within Nigeria.

47. Speedily passing the much-delayed Petroleum Industry Bill (PIB) and ensuring that local content issues are fully addressed.

48. Establishing at least six new universities of science and technology with satellite campuses in various states.

49. Establishing six centres of excellence to address the needs of special education.

50. Prioritising the reduction of the infant mortality rate by 2019 to 3%.

51. Reducing maternal mortality by more than 70%.

52. Reducing HIV/AIDs infection rate by 50% and other infectious diseases by 75%.

53. Improving life expectancy by additional 10 years on average.

54. Increasing the number of physicians from 19 per 1000 population to 50 per 1000

55. Increasing national health expenditure per person per annum to about N50,000 (from less than N10,000 currently).

56. Increasing the quality of all federal government-owned hospitals to world class standard within five years.

57. Ensuring timely payment of retirement benefits for all pensioned senior citizens and creating a poverty safety net for all aged citizens above the age of 65.

58. Amending the Constitution to require Local Governments to publish their meeting minutes, service performance data, and items of spending over N10M.

59. Requiring full disclosure in media outlets, of all government contracts over N100m prior to award and during implementation at regular interval.

60. Amending the Constitution to remove immunity from prosecution for elected officers in criminal case.

61. Initiating action to amend the Nigerian Constitution with a view to devolving powers, duties, and responsibilities to states in order to entrench true federalism and the federal spirit.

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62. Reforming and Strengthening the Justice System for efficient administration and dispensation of justice with the creation of special courts for accelerated hearing of corruption, drug trafficking, terrorism and similar cases of national importance.

63. Establishing world-class sports academy and training institutes and ensure that Nigeria occupies a place of pride in global sports and athletics.

64. Reviving the Nigerian football league and putting incentives in place to make it as competitive as other national leagues.

65. Putting in place measures to identify talents early and ensuring their participation in local and international games to enable them become professionals.

66. Assisting Nollywood to fully develop into world class movie industry that can compete effectively with Hollywood and Bollywood in due course.

67. Ensuring that the rights of women are protected as enshrined in our Constitution.

68. Guaranteeing that women are adequately represented in government appointments and providing greater opportunities in education, job creation and economic empowerment.

69. Promoting the concept of reserving a minimum number of seats in the National Assembly for women.

70. Free maternal and children healthcare services.

71. Stabilising the naira.

72. Targeting up to 20% of our annual budget for this critical sector whilst making substantial investments in training quality teachers at all levels of the educational system (Some other APC policy documents had 15%).

73. Ensuring compliance with policies and measures to halt the pollution of rivers and waterways in the Niger Delta and other parts of the country.

74. Adopting a holistic approach to erosion and shoreline protection across the country.

75. ECOWAS currency by 2020 under Nigeria’s guidance and leadership.

76. Maintaining strong, close and frank relationships within the Gulf of Guinea, the Commonwealth, South Africa and the rest of the world.

77. Establishing a new special relationship with the leading emerging markets like Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRIC) and other strategic partners around the world.

78. Government intends to commission a sociological study to determine Boko Haram’s origins, remote and immediate causes of the movement, its sponsors, the international connexions to ensure that measures are taken to prevent a recurrence of the evil.

79. Strengthening INEC to reduce, if possible, eliminate electoral malpractices in Nigerian’s political life
80. Improving operational and legal mechanisms so that disciplinary steps are taken against proven human rights violations by the Armed Forces.

81. Free education at primary, secondary and tertiary institutions for Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) and Education.

(Ike Chidolue gave credit to Comrade Ikem Anthony Kalzeeni)

Which one of this campaign promises has been fulfilled and which one of them do you think is unrealistic?

6 Former Governors Under EFCC Watch

6 Former Governors Under EFCC Watch
— Jun 26, 2015 6:53 am |
Hitherto, state governors have been used to getting invitations to impressive and ground-shaking occasions but recently, some of them have gotten invitations they might never have expected. PAUL CHIAMA and ADAH ABAH write.

Having exhausted the much-debated immunity provision in the Nigerian constitution, some ex-governors may be heading to the days of reckoning when they have to pay for their misdeeds if the anti-graft agency remains focused on achieving a conclusive prosecution. With the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) trailing some past governors and grilling them for hours, many of them will never want their paths to cross with that of the commission. Some of the former state executives having cases to answer before the commission are:

Ikedi Ohakim

If former governor of Imo State, Ikedi Ohakim, had been informed that operatives of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) would knock at his door at about 8am in his Asokoro residence on Thursday, June 18, to arrest him, he may probably have changed his direction and hurried out of the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). But that was not to be and his immunity as governor haven long been exhausted, EFCC officials stormed his residence in one of the choice areas in the FCT; an area which is regarded as an exclusive enclave for the rich and the powerful.

Ohakim was arrested over a number of properties he allegedly acquired which the anti-graft agency had traced to his name. Also, the cases brought against him include alleged misappropriation of N18bn bond loans obtained on behalf of Imo State government. This is just as he is being investigated for alleged cash withdrawals of about N1bn from the state account a day before he left office as governor. The ex-governor had earlier been invited by the commission but he failed to honour the invitation. His failure then sparked off the arrest.

The former governor may not be at the best of his times now as he has come under close watch of the EFCC. He has been arrested, interrogated and later released but he does not know what may be his fate at the end of the day, a reason why he may even be more apprehensive.

Sule Lamido

sule_lamido_2Similarly, the immediate past governor of Jigawa State, Sule Lamido, has also come under the watch and grip of the EFCC. Lamido was invited for questioning by the anti-graft agency penultimate Thursday. Like a gentleman, he cooperated and honoured the invitation but that did not pacify the EFCC nor end the case against him; it is only a smooth beginning in digging deep into the charges made against him.

Lamido is being accused of huge financial fraud running into billions of naira. The questions Lamido has to provide answers to border on contracts which his government awarded to companies which are linked to his family members. Also, the ex-governor had been blacklisted since the EFCC arrested his sons last year for alleged stealing of Jigawa State government funds and laundering which they allegedly committed through their company accounts.

Timipre Sylva

Former governor of Bayelsa State, Timipre Sylva, is among the former governors who tangled with the EFCC at the termination of their tenure as state executives. Therefore, he may not be having maximum sleep as each night passes. Sylva has been standing trial over a six-count criminal charge brought against him by the commission ranging from alleged masterminding of illegal diversion of state government funds from the coffers of Bayelsa State during his tenure to other offences. Among the offences are embezzlement of over N6.5 billion from the treasury of the small oil-rich state between October 2009 and February, 2010 – just a period of 4 months.

In a recent trial, Sylva was ordered to submit all his international passports to the registrar of an Abuja high court where the case was being heard. He was also granted bail in the sum of a towering N100m and was further ordered to secure an Abuja resident who must be an owner of landed property worth the bail sum as surety to avert the chances that the ex-governor may ‘jump’ bail. His case with the anti-graft agency was as serious as this.

Apart from this, the former Bayelsa governor also faced another 42-count charge in an Abuja high court, along with six others for allegedly stealing N19.2bn from the treasury of the state. However, in a rather controversial decision, Justice A.R Mohammed of the Abuja Federal High Court recently dismissed the case against the once-embattled former governor.

Martin Elechi

ElechiJust like some of his counterparts, the former Ebonyi State governor, Martin Elechi, is not having it too rosy with the EFCC. Elechi was on Tuesday, June 16, summoned by the commission for interrogation. Accusations against the septuagenarian include alleged theft of millions of naira in the asphalt contract for the state’s 13 local government areas. The contract was said to be shoddily executed and was allegedly awarded to the former governor’s son, Elechi Nnanna Elechi.

For instance, out of 13 local governments in the state, the contract was executed in only six local government areas, leaving seven unattended to. This is notwithstanding that money had been made available for the contract execution.

In addition, Elechi is also facing hard times with EFCC over misappropriation of funds provided to be used for centenary celebration. That’s not all. Elechi was further interrogated over deductions made from stabilization fund account.

Elechi’s son, Nnanna had been arrested by the EFCC earlier in January this year over alleged corrupt and fraudulent dealings. However, under the immunity clause by which he was adequately galvanized as a state governor, the anti-graft body could not lay hands on him but waited for the right time which is now. Whether Elechi would be found guilty, jailed or compelled to return the money in question to the suffering treasury of Ebonyi State is not clear yet. Only time will tell as EFCC continues to sniff around towards conclusion of the case.

Murtala Nyako

Gov murtala nyakoFormer governor of Adamawa State, Murtala Nyako, has been having it rough with the EFCC since July, 2014 following allegations of financial crimes leveled against him.

It will be recalled that Nyako with his deputy, Bala Ngilari, was impeached by the Adamawa State House of Assembly for gross financial fraud on July 16, 2014 and was later declared wanted by the anti-graft agency alongside his son Abdul Aziz Murtala Nyako, a retired naval officer, in February this year. Both were wanted for alleged criminal conspiracy, stealing, abuse of office and money laundering.

However, at the commencement of the EFCC’s investigations, Nyako left the country. He returned only nearly a year later and visited the commission to answer some questions. Following his return and subsequent turning in at the commission’s office, the former governor was held and grilled for hours over allegation of money laundering running into N15bn. But Nyako was later released on what the EFCC Spokesperson, Mr Wilson Uwujaren, described as “administrative bail”. Mr. Uwujaren said the former governor, who is 73, was also released based on his age and health situation.

Since when the charges were instituted against Nyako and his son, the former governor has attributed his travail to witch-hunting and selective justice perpetrated by the immediate past administration of President Goodluck Jonathan which he has severally accused of witch-hunting him for speaking the truth.

The commission had alleged massive looting of the treasury by top officials of Adamawa State government under Mr. Nyako, a development that, at the time, led to the arrest and questioning of key officials, including then secretary to the state government, the then state commissioner for finance, the then commissioner for higher education, the then accountant general of the state and the then permanent secretary, ministry for local Government.

Ibrahim Shema

ibrahim-shehu-shema1The searchlight of the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) is also beaming bright on Kastina State. In a move to ensure that former Katsina State governor, Ibrahim Shema, gives account of how he spent the state’s resources while in power, the EFCC recently invited four top officials of the state government for questioning over some financial transactions.

The Commission invited four officials of the Katsina State government to clarify issues related to financial misappropriations in the last four years of Shema in power between 2011 and 2015, even as the former governor was reported to have travelled out of the country.

The officials who were invited include permanent secretaries of the ministries of works and agriculture; the managing director of the Katsina Road Maintenance Agency (KASAROMA) and the state accountant general.

The EFCC directed the officials to come with various official documents bordering on contracts awarded between 2011 and 2015, annual budgets from 2011 to 2015, actual funds released to the ministries/agencies from 2011 to May 2015, funds released to the ministries of agriculture, works, housing, transportation and sports among others .

The recent arrest of some former governors who just left office last month at the expiration of their tenures by the EFCC is raising some hopes in the fight against corruption. This is more so, considering the fact that the commission had been lying recently on the ground that it was not funded to carry out prosecutions of corrupt public officeholders.

On the other hand, one may wonder if the new impetus gathered and being demonstrated by the commission is part of President Muhammadu Buhari’s vow to fight corruption. One may also wonder if these new cases will be conclusively executed or allowed to go fallow like other cases instituted against some public officeholders without any conclusion or conviction at the end. Such cases are waiting to be exhumed.

When LEADERSHIP Friday contacted an Abuja-based legal practitioner, Barrister Thaddeus Odo, for comments on why some cases being prosecuted by the EFCC often die suddenly without convictions, he said the problem lies with the Act establishing the commission. According to the lawyer, the Act provides for plea bargaining which, he said, is not proper.

“The problem lies with the EFCC Act itself. The Act provides for plea bargaining; that is improper. That provision gives room to people to get out of the hooks through plea bargaining. The EFCC also targets rich and powerful people who always want a leeway which is one of the reasons why those people standing trial under EFCC always get out freely”.

In a sharp contrast to what is meted against the common man in the hands of law enforcement agents such as the police where brutality is always the order of the day, Barrister Odo said people who are detained and placed under EFCC investigation “are rather pampered and given preferential treatment unlike the common man”.

He also pointed out that public officeholders being prosecuted for corrupt practices prefer to part with some of the loot instead of going to jail. Odo said that prosecution is also made problematic because those prosecuting the accused must have proof beyond reasonable doubt. He added that in the course of any prosecution, where there is lacuna (any doubt for want of proof), it is always to the favour of the accused person.

Another bottleneck affecting effective prosecution of EFCC cases to the point of convicting fraudulent persons is what Odo called “forum shopping” – a room for people standing trial to request that their case be transferred to a place where they can find favourable judgement. He cited the example of EFCC’s case against former governor of Delta State, James Ibori which was initially holding in Kaduna State but later transferred out of the state.

On whether Nigeria’s anti-graft laws are stringent enough to deter people from engaging in corrupt and fraudulent acts, the legal practitioner argued that members of the high echelon of the society who make the law know that they may become victims someday, so they deliberately make the law loose to favour them when it happens to them. This understandably is a reason why prosecutions on corruption cases fall short of the expectation of Nigerians, especially when high profile individuals are involved in very terrible corruption cases.

On the issue of immunity (a provision which prevents a governor and the president from being prosecuted until after the expiration of his tenure) in the Nigerian constitution, Barrister Odo said the rationale behind the clause is to allow a governor or the president to carry out his official activities without interruption as such interruptions may affect the common good of the people. He, however, argued that with the widespread abuse of the immunity provision in the constitution, it will equally be of common good to expunge it from the constitution.

This, he said, will make public officeholders to sit up and remain meticulous in handling public funds with the consciousness that they are accountable for anything they do in public office, especially regarding misappropriation of public funds.

Financial crimes such as money laundering have become a global ugly trend hence many countries today like China and other “Asian Tigers” have developed tougher measures and legislations to deal with the menace head-on.

In December, 2005, the Financial Supervisory Commission (FSC), the single financial regulator set up by Taiwan began an incentive program for the public to provide information on financial crimes. The reward for information on a financial case with fines of TDW 10 million (approximately S300, 000) or at least a one-year sentence is up to TDW 500, 000 (approximately S15, 000).

In China, however, financial crimes, corruption, illegal fund raising or other ranges of fraudulent acts summarily attract death penalty if the suspect is found guilty. It is regarded there as “death sentence for white collar crime”. In China, for instance, about 4, 000 people are reported to be executed annually, according to a human rights organization, Dui Hua.

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